The brown-eared woolly opossum (Caluromys lanatus), also known as the western woolly opossum, is an opossum from South America. It was first described by German naturalist Ignaz von Olfers in 1818. [6] In another similar revision, the bushy-tailed opossum was placed in its own subfamily, Glironiinae. The ears measure about 4 centimetres (1.6 in) and the hindfeet 3.5 centimetres (1.4 in). The bare-tailed woolly opossum is characterized by a gray head, brown to gray coat, orange to gray underside and a partially naked tail. [11] It builds nests with dry leaves in tree cavities. The bare-tailed woolly opossum (Caluromys philander) occurs … Earlier, it used to be targeted for its fur. The re­main­der of their tail is naked and par­tially mot­tled by dark pig­ment. [7], Black-shouldered opossum (Caluromyopsis irrupta), Derby's woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus), Bare-tailed woolly opossum (Caluromys philander), Brown-eared woolly opossum (Caluromys lanatus), Kalinowski's mouse opossum (Hyladelphys kalinowskii), The bare-tailed woolly opossum is characterized by a brown to gray coat, gray head, orange to gray underside and a partially naked tail furry at the base. Derby's woolly opossum is one of the three members of Caluromys, and is placed in the family Didelphidae. Grayish fur separates these stripes from one another. [9], Black-shouldered opossum (Caluromyopsis irrupta), Derby's woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus), Bare-tailed woolly opossum (Caluromys philander), Brown-eared woolly opossum (Caluromys lanatus), Kalinowski's mouse opossum (Hyladelphys kalinowskii), Derby's woolly opossum is the largest in its genus, with a total length of 60 to 70 centimetres (24 to 28 in) and weight between 200 and 400 grams (7.1 and 14.1 oz). [11], Diet comprises fruits of pepper vines and Cecropia species, nectar of the balsa tree, Mabea occidentalis and Trichanthera gigantea, small invertebrates and vertebrates. Like others in Caluromys, it has a pouch. [14], An omnivore, the bare-tailed woolly opossum feeds on fruits, vegetables, gum, nectar, small birds and reptiles. The bare-tailed woolly opossum is characterized by a gray head, brown to gray coat, orange to gray underside and a partially naked tail. [3], The bare-tailed woolly opossum is one of the three members of Caluromys, and is placed in the family Didelphidae in the marsupial order Didelphimorphia. The dental formula is 5.1.3.44.1.3.4. Woolly Creek is a stream in Barry and Stone counties in the Ozarks of southwest Missouri. The IUCN classifies this opossum as least concern. Bare-tailed woolly opossums, like other Caluromys species, will bite on being handled or to escape predators. [17] The litter size ranges from one to seven. [8][9] A study of the foraging behavior of the bare-tailed woolly opossum and the sympatric kinkajou showed that both feed on a variety of plants, choose plants by their abundance, show similar preferences, and favor certain plant parts at certain times of the year. [8][10][12] The lifespan is not known for sure; one individual in New York Zoological Park lived for five years and three months. [1], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T3649A22175720.en, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, "Phylogeny and evolution of body mass in didelphid marsupials (Marsupialia: Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae)", "The influence of moonlight on activity of woolly opossums (, "New morphological and genetic data of Gigantorhynchus echinodiscus (Diesing, 1851) (Acanthocephala: Archiacanthocephala) in the giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758 (Pilosa: Myrmecophagidae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bare-tailed_woolly_opossum&oldid=988736746, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 23:30. Just like any other member of the Caluromys genus, the Bare-tailed Woolly opossum is a strongly arboreal species of marsupial, differing from other Didelphidae opossum… [9] A study showed that the tail, being prehensile, can act as an additional limb for locomotion, avoiding falls and carrying leaves to build nests. [8] Predators include the jaguarundi and margay. 80% off a Hand Made Oil Painting Reproduction of Lord Derbys Woolly Opossum, one of the most famous paintings by Edward Lear. Males have been observed pursuing the female before copulation occurs. The range extends from Veracruz in southern Mexico southward into South America to western Ecuador and Cauca River valley in Colombia. The animal is an efficient climber, and the tail assists in grasping branches. Derby's woolly opossum is the largest in its genus, with a total length of 60 to 70 centimetres (24 to 28 in) and weight between 200 and 400 grams (7.1 and 14.1 oz). A 1977 study argued that these similarities are the result of convergent evolution, and placed Caluromys, Caluromysiops and Glironia in a new subfamily, Caluromyinae. Free certificate of authenticity free shipping. The dor­sal por­tion of their tail is furred 30 to 50% from the base with hair darker than their body; the ven­tral por­tion is furred up to 25% from the base. [9], The size appears to decrease from Venezuela to Suriname; the mean weight is 170 grams (6.0 oz) in Venezuela and 250 grams (8.8 oz) in Suriname. The brown-eared woolly opossum (Caluromys lanatus) occurs from Colombia and Venezuela to Paraguay. Derby's woolly opossum , or the Central American woolly opossum, is an opossum found in deciduous and moist evergreen forests of Central America, from southern Mexico to western Ecuador and Colombia. Species and subspecies Subgenus Mallodelphys Derby's woolly opossum, Caluromys derbianus Similar but broad streaks run from brown rings around either eye. It is nocturnal (active mainly at night) … It was first described by English naturalist George Robert Waterhouse, and named in honor of Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby. Derby's woolly opossum is one of the three members of Caluromys, and is placed in the family Didelphidae. [13] The Bare-tailed woolly opossum is a host of the Acanthocephalan intestinal parasite Gigantorhynchus lutzi. [8] The dental formula is 5.1.3.44.1.3.4 – typical of didelphids. The head-and-body length is typically between 16 and 26 centimetres (6.3 and 10.2 in). It is characterized by white to pink ears, lightly colored limbs, a brown coat (lighter than that of the brown-eared woolly opossum), white-buff to golden-brown underside, and the prehensile tail (tail that can be used to grab objects) that accounts for 58 to 67 percent of the total length. [15], In French Guiana, females mate successfully after they are a year old. The time when breeding takes place varies geographically – it takes place during the dry season in Panama (late January or early February) and probably throughout the year in Nicaragua. Derby's woolly opossum Common Opossums Interact and Knock Log Off Panama Fruit Feeder Cam at Canopy Lodge Nov. 28, 2018 - Duration: 5:05. The coat is brown and the underside white-buff to golden-brown. [1], "Phylogenetic relationships and classification of didelphid marsupials, an extant radiation of New World metatherian mammals", Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, "Phylogeny and evolution of body mass in didelphid marsupials (Marsupialia: Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae)", "Competitive release in diets of ocelots (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Derby%27s_woolly_opossum&oldid=982361844, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 17:36. The litter size ranges from one to six. It is nocturnal (active mainly at night) and solitary; there is hardly any social interaction except between mother and juveniles and in mating pairs. Didelphis philander Linnaeus, 1758 [8] A distinctive, narrow dark brown stripe runs between the eyes and the ears, from the tip of the nose to the back of the ears. [16] A study in French Guiana showed that development of the offspring is slow for the first 40 days, and then accelerates during the last 40 days. When disturbed, it might attack defensively by biting; it can produce squeals when distressed. It was first described by Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Roadrunner head portrait {Geococcyx californianus} Texas, USA - Rolf Nussbaumer Care Sheets More About Us Our Local Store Wholesale Contact Us Customers My Account Customer Help Want to chat? The bare-tailed woolly opossum inhabits subtropical forests, rainforests, secondary forests, and plantations; its range extends from northern Venezuela to northeastern and southcentral Brazil. Derby's Pale-eared Woolly Opossum Caluromys derbianus (Waterhouse, 1841) kingdom Animalia - animals » phylum Chordata - chordates » class Mammalia - mammals » order Didelphimorphia - American marsupials » family A study showed that activity of bare-tailed woolly opossums can be affected by the extent of moonlight. FAQ - Reptiles When will my animal ship?You are able to pick which day you would like your animal(s) shipped on the checkout page. [8][10] The eyes glow red on exposure to light. The litter size ranges from one to six. Opossum Branch is a stream in Montgomery County in the U.S. state of Missouri. He was named in honor of Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby, to whose museum the specimen used for the description belonged. [2][8][10] Predators include ocelots. Studies show that activity levels may increase if food is scarce, and decrease on exposure to light. It is found in the Central American region. [3] It was first described by English naturalist George Robert Waterhouse as Didelphis derbianus in 1841. Derby's woolly opossum* Caluromys derbianus* (WATERHOUSE, 1841) Photo by: K. Rudloff (C. cf. The dorsal hairs continue up to 5–7 centimetres (2.0–2.8 in) onto the tail, after which it is naked, as the name suggests. Derby's Woolly Opossum, Caluromys derbianus Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum, Caluromys philander at, swamp rabbit, cottontail rabbit, raccoon, opossum, coyote, beaver, and many species of birds. It was first described by English naturalist George Robert Waterhouse as Didelphis derbianus in 1841. I can't put into words how happy I am to have this audience. It is a tributary of Elkhorn Creek. derbianus) Additional images here: www.biolib.cz Number of Subspecies: 06 Subspecies: 01. Gestation lasts 25 days, and the juveniles exit the pouch after three months; weaning occurs a month later. The opossum is nocturnal (active mainly at night), arboreal (tree-living) and solitary. The IUCN classifies the bare-tailed woolly opossum as least concern, due to its wide distribution and presumed large population. The bare-tailed woolly opossum (Caluromys philander) is an opossum from South America. Allaboutbirds/Explore; Panama fruit cam. [4] It was given its present binomial name, Caluromys derbianus, by American zoologist Joel Asaph Allen in 1900. The stream headwaters are at 36°42′36″N 93°36′43″W and the confluence with the James River arm of Table Rock Lake is at 36°42′20″N 93°32′20″W. Populations in Ecuador and Mexico, however, are threatened by deforestation. In a primary forest of French Guiana, the mean home range size was calculated as 3 hectares (0.012 sq mi). Derby's woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus), or the Central American woolly opossum, is an opossum found in deciduous and moist evergreen forests of Central America, from southern Mexico to western Ecuador and Colombia. The coat is thick, soft and woolly; the flanks may be grayer than the back. Opossum Branch was so named on account of opossums in the area. Free: +1-888-417-8278 [6], The following four subspecies are recognized:[2][4], The cladogram below, based on a 2016 study, shows the phylogenetic relationships of the bare-tailed woolly opossum. Claws are present in all the five digits of the forefeet and two of either hindfoot. He was named in honor of Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby, to whose museum the specimen used for the description belonged. [2][4] A 1955 revision of marsupial phylogeny grouped Caluromys, Caluromysiops, Dromiciops (monito del monte) and Glironia (bushy-tailed opossum) under a single subfamily, Microbiotheriinae, noting the dental similarities among these. The bare-tailed woolly opossum (Caluromys philander) is an opossum from South America. Ranges of both sexes overlapped extensively. Derby’s woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus) is found in Mexico, in Central America, and along the Pacific slope of Colombia and Ecuador. The time when breeding takes place varies geographically. I will continue to work hard for you guys! It can occur up to an altitude of 1,200–1,800 metres (3,900–5,900 ft) above the sea level. It shows remarkable agility in moving among vines and branches. Nevertheless, it is one of the very few opossums that have been successfully studied in detail. It was first described by Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus as Didelphis philander in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae (1758). [8][10], Both sexes become sexually mature by seven to nine months. Just compare the Didelphis marsupialis (Common Opossum) to the Caluromys derbianus (Derby’s Woolly Opossum). It was first described by Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus in 1758. [16] Newborn weigh 200 milligrams (0.0071 oz), and their weight increases to 11 grams (0.39 oz) after weaning. It was first described by English naturalist George Robert Waterhouse, and named in honor of Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby. Females can have three litters a year, unless food is scarce. Coat color varies geographically. Fe­males have fully de­vel­oped pouches only when car­ry­ing young. So I asked one. It is called mucura-xixica in Portuguese, zarigüeya lanuda parda in Spanish, and wakaro in the Kwaza language of Rondônia, Brazil. [5] In another similar revision in 2009, the bushy-tailed opossum was placed in its own subfamily, Glironiinae. Diet consists of fruits, nectar, small invertebrates and vertebrates. Derby's woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus), or the Central American woolly opossum,[2] is an opossum found in deciduous and moist evergreen forests of Central America, from southern Mexico to western Ecuador and Colombia. … The tail is partially naked, as in the bare-tailed woolly opossum. The size of home ranges is influenced by environmental factors such as forage availability and individual needs. The opossum constructs nests in tree cavities, and its litter size ranges from one to seven. The IUCN classifies this opossum as least concern. Derby's woolly opossum コアラと同じように、 袋 ( ふくろ ) で 子供 ( こども ) を 育 ( そだ ) てます。 中央 ( ちゅうおう ) アメリカにすんでいます。 The survival of this opossum is threatened by deforestation and habitat loss. The estrus cycle is nearly 28 days long. Derby's woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus) portrait, captive, Aviarios del Caribe, Cahuita, Costa Rica. Of course, I am not an expert in South American mammals. [5], Derby's woolly opossum inhabits deciduous and moist evergreen forests up to an altitude of 2,600 metres (8,500 ft). Derby's woolly opossum … [2], Derby's woolly opossum is nocturnal (active mainly at night), solitary, and spends most of the day in nests made of dead leaves in cavities in the upper reaches of trees. It was first described by English naturalist George Robert Waterhouse, and named in honor of Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby. 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To its wide distribution and presumed large population words how happy i am to have this audience American Joel... ) occurs from Colombia and Venezuela to Paraguay opossums can be affected by extent... Is nocturnal ( active mainly at night ), and the hindfeet 3.5 centimetres ( in. Regularly visits them for nursing invertebrates and vertebrates headwaters are at 36°42′36″N and.