Microgreens are usually harvested within 2 weeks after germination by cut entire plant just above the ground, once it is around 3-4" tall. This is my first spring here in SW Virginia. Sowing Fall is the time to plant garlic. Plant early—as much as 4 weeks before your last frost, or even in early fall. Vegetables can be classified into three categories of by their tolerance of cold temperatures : tender vegetables (damaged by a light frost), semi-hardy vegetables (tolerate light frost) and hardy vegetables (tolerate hard frost). We'd advise checking our Garlic Growing Guide for more information. This may not be accurate! You should aim to start getting seeds in the ground about 60 days before your first frost date. Locate plants where they will be partially shaded by taller nearby plants, latticework or other screen. Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants: Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 22. Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 20, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 21 and then transplant them into the garden around April 11. and end up killing all our plants ha ha. Lettuce flowers and turns bitter with the onset of hot weather. Do this especially if you have used chemicals on your crop. Harden seedlings by reducing water and temperature for 3 days before transplanting. A new Virginia-specific gardening book by Southern Exposure’s own gardening expert Ira Wallace. MAINTAINING I don't know when to start planting various vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, carrots, lettuce, … For instance, plant lettuce next to taller plants to provide shade and cooler soil conditions. Fall is the best time to plant cool-season vegetables such as spinach, lettuce, kale, and radish. Early Spring Gardening In early spring, approximately two weeks prior to the last average frost date in your area, it’s safe to plant lettuce, beets, carrots, radishes, dill, cilantro, cabbage, broccoli, celery, kale and potatoes outdoors. It should take about seven to 10 days for the lettuce seeds to sprout. Lettuce seeds need light to germinate, so they are simply pressed or lightly raked into the soil surface. But what happens when temperatures dip toward the freezing mark? Mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds (unless slugs are a problem). Lettuce seeds are very small so just press them into wet soil. Cutting every other plant at the ground will give remaining plants more space for growth. For that reason, we recommend you get a head-start by starting these summer vegetables indoors around April 11, and transplant those seedlings out after the danger of frost is past. For an early start, seeds can be started in flats 4 weeks prior to the last frost and transplanted outdoors in mid to late spring. Baby greens are collected when between approximately 28-35 days after germination, and are collected. Depth and Spacing. So I thought I would check and see when everyone else is … Many varieties of looseleaf lettuce can be harvested numerous times during a single growing season after being cut approximately 1" above the ground. Does your lettuce need to be protected from frost? Direct seed or transplant in early spring, as soon as you can work the soil. You can also lightly broadcast seed (particularly of looseleaf varieties) in a patch instead of a row. Place it in a colander and rinse then drip dry. Lettuce is tolerant of a wide range of soils, but prefers well-drained, cool, loose soil with plentiful moisture and pH 6.2 to 6.8. Lettuce, winter roots, kale, Oriental and other leafy greens can be planted starting in July and continuing into September. Set each lettuce head about 6-12 inches apart. HARVESTING Lift the board and water every day until you see signs of germination, at which time you can remove the board. Lettuce, a cool-season vegetable crop, is one of the easiest to grow. Seeds can be sown once the soil is no longer frozen, 1/2 inch deep and 4-12 inches apart. Keep watering whenever the soil dries out. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google 'Mature leaves' can be harvested from all type of lettuce except for iceberg any time in the growing cycle, until a central stem begins to form. For fall crops, time maturity around time of first expected frost. 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